the online paediatrician's encyclopaedia:Copyrights

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  • This site, its contents and information, and the services and their content and information, are protected by copyright, database rights and other intellectual property rights. You authorise to act on your behalf if your intellectual property rights in any material you post to this site or in any message that you send via a service is infringed by any third party.
  • Subject to any conditions specific to any service, you may read, print and download parts of the material and information on this site or through any service for your private, non-commercial use or use in the ordinary course of the your profession, but you may not make any profit from the use of that material or information nor republish, disseminate or transmit any of it, or exploit it for any commercial purpose, or make any derivative work, or copy it for any other purpose without first obtaining's written permission, or that of the rights owner.

Contributors' rights and obligations

  • If you contribute material to, you thereby license it to the In order to contribute, you must be in a position to grant this license, which means that either you hold the copyright to the material, for instance because you produced it yourself, or you acquired the material from a source that allows the licensing.
  • You retain copyright to your materials. You can later republish and relicense them in any way you like. However, you can never retract the license for the copies of materials that you place here; these copies will remain under license until they enter the public domain.
  • If you incorporate external materials, as a requirement of the license, you need to acknowledge the authorship and provide a link back to the network location of the original copy.

Image guidelines

  • Images and photographs, like written works, are subject to copyright. Someone holds the copyright unless they have been explicitly placed in the public domain.
  • Images on the internet need to be licensed directly from the copyright holder or someone able to license on their behalf. In some cases, fair use guidelines may allow a photograph to be used.

Using copyrighted work from others

  • All works are copyrighted unless either they fall into the public domain or their copyright is explicitly disclaimed. If you use part of a copyrighted work under "fair use", or if you obtain special permission to use a copyrighted work from the copyright holder under the terms of our license, you must make a note of that fact (along with names and dates).
  • Never use materials that infringe the copyrights of others. This could create legal liabilities and seriously hurt the project. If in doubt, write it yourself.
  • Note that copyright law governs the creative expression of ideas, not the ideas or information themselves. Therefore, it is legal to read an encyclopedia article or other work, reformulate the concepts in your own words, and submit it to However, it would still be unethical (but not illegal) to do so without citing the original as a reference.

Linking to copyrighted works

  • Since most recently-created works are copyrighted, almost any article which cites its sources will link to copyrighted material. It is not necessary to obtain the permission of a copyright holder before linking to copyrighted material, just as an author of a book does not need permission to cite someone else's work in their bibliography. However, if you know that an external Web site is carrying a work in violation of the creator's copyright, do not link to that copy of the work. Linking to a page that illegally distributes someone else's work sheds a bad light on and its editors.

UK Copyright

The Writers Copyright Association as well as the UK Copyright service has a good summary. The legal basis is the 1988 Copyright, Designs and Patents Act, and subsequent modifications and revisions. In particular for literary, artistic works, copyright ends 70 years after the last surviving author dies or if unknown, 70 years after creation or publication.

Copyright violations

  • Contributors who repeatedly post copyrighted material despite appropriate warnings may be blocked from editing by any administrator to prevent further problems.
  • If you suspect a copyright violation, you should at least bring up the issue on that page's discussion page. Others can then examine the situation and take action if needed. Some cases will be false alarms.
  • If a page contains material which infringes copyright, that material – and the whole page, if there is no other material present – should be removed.
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